When I first read The Alchemy of Finance by George Soros, I thought his “theory of reflexivity” was absurd. It seemed to be an ex post facto. AA ~ George Soros (Trades, Portfolio) (via FT). The conceptual framework that Soros is referring to is reflexivity. Understanding what. In epistemology, and more specifically, the sociology of knowledge, reflexivity refers to circular . Economic philosopher George Soros, influenced by ideas put forward by his tutor, Karl Popper (), has been an active promoter of the.

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Archaeological Biological Cultural Linguistic Social.

Anthropologists by nationality Anthropology by year Bibliography Journals List of indigenous peoples Organizations. This is similar to the notion of autonomy. New Frontiers in the Sociology of Knowledge.

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The first sense of reflexivity in anthropology is part of social science’s more general self-critique in the wake of theories geoge Michel Foucault and others about the relationship of power and knowledge production. Symbolic types, mediation and the transformation of ritual context: For her, human reflexivity is a mediating mechanism between structural properties, or the individual’s social context, and action, or the individual’s ultimate concerns. Studies of play and tricksters further expanded ideas about reflexive cultural practices.

Reflexivity has been most intensively explored in studies of performance, [17] public events, [18] rituals, reflexigity and linguistic forms [20] but can be seen any time acts, reflexiivty, or people are held up and commented upon or otherwise set apart for consideration.

Bourdieu argued that the social scientist is inherently laden with biasesand only by becoming reflexively aware of those biases can the social scientists free themselves from them and aspire to the practice of an objective science. Reflexivity, therefore, raises real issues regarding the extent to which the social sciences may ever be viewed as “hard” sciences analogous to classical physics, and raises questions about the nature of the social sciences.

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. The Credit Crisis of and What it Means 1st ed. In researching cultural practices reflexivity plays important role but because of its complexity and subtlety it often goes under-investigated or involves highly specialized analyses.


The fact that individuals and social collectivities are capable of self-inquiry and adaptation is a key characteristic of real-world social systems, differentiating the social sciences from the physical sciences. Within that part of recent sociology of science that has been called the strong programmereflexivity is suggested as a methodological norm or principle, meaning that a full theoretical account of the social construction of, say, scientific, religious or ethical knowledge systems, should itself be explainable by the same principles and reflexivitg as used for accounting for these other knowledge systems.

Annual Review of Anthropology. The principle of reflexivity was perhaps first enunciated by the sociologists William I. Because the pattern is self-reinforcing, markets tend towards disequilibrium. Retrieved 12 October Reflexivity asserts that prices do in fact influence the fundamentals and that these newly influenced set of fundamentals then proceed to change expectations, thus influencing prices; the process continues in a self-reinforcing pattern.

Reflexivity (social theory)

In epistemologyand more specifically, the sociology of knowledgereflexivity refers to circular relationships between cause and effectespecially as embedded in human belief structures.

This is the opposite of the process described in textbooks and built into economic models, which always assume that financial expectations adapt to reality, not the other way round.

Reflexivity presents a problem for science because if a prediction can lead to changes in the system that the prediction is made in relation to, it becomes difficult to assess scientific hypotheses by comparing the predictions they entail with the events that actually occur. Nonetheless, many anthropologists have accused the “writing cultures” approach of muddying the scientific aspects of anthropology with too much introspection about fieldwork relationships, and reflexive anthropology have been heavily attacked by more positivist anthropologists.

Production as Social Change: Margaret Archer has written extensively on laypeople’s reflexivity. Reflexivity includes both a subjective process of self-consciousness inquiry and the study of social behavior with reference to theories about social relationships. The Kenyon Review Vol. The study of reflexivity shows that people have both self-awareness and creativity in culture. This leads to the metaculture of conventions about managing and reflecting upon culture.

Performative and Reflexive Anthropology. Economic philosopher George Sorosinfluenced by ideas put forward by his tutor, Karl Popper[2] has been an active promoter of the relevance of reflexivity to economics, first propounding it publicly in his book The Alchemy of Finance. More broadly, reflexivity is considered to occur when the observations or actions of observers in the social system affect the very situations they are observing, or theory being formulated is disseminated to and affects the behaviour of the individuals or systems the theory is meant to be objectively modelling.

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Policy Sociology as a Public Good. This points to a general feature of naturalised epistemologiesthat such theories of knowledge allow for specific fields of research to elucidate other fields as part of an overall self-reflective process: London and Beverly Hills: For Bourdieu, therefore, reflexivity is part of the solution, not the problem.

ThomasThe Child in America: Social sciences portal Anthropology portal Economics portal Sociology portal. This is an instance of a positive feedback loop. In social theoryreflexivity may occur when theories in a discipline should apply equally forcefully to the discipline itself, for example in the case that the theories of knowledge construction in the field of sociology of scientific knowledge should apply equally to knowledge construction by sociology of scientific knowledge practitioners, or when the subject matter of a discipline should apply equally well to the individual practitioners of that discipline, for example when psychological theory should explain the psychological mental processes of psychologists.

They can play with, comment upon, debate, modify, and objectify culture through manipulating many different features in recognized ways.

Innovation may or may not change tradition, but since reflexivity is intrinsic to many cultural activities, reflexivity is part of tradition and not inauthentic.

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Invitation to a Reflexive Sociology. Within anthropology, Gregory Bateson developed ideas about meta-messages subtext as part of communication, while Clifford Geertz ‘s studies of ritual og such as the Balinese cock-fight point to their role as foci for public reflection on the social order.

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