In March representatives from all of Saint-Domingue’s departments were elected to the Assembly, which completed the constitution in May. Toussaint signed it in. L’indépendance d’Haïti est proclamée le 1er janvier Jean-Jacques Dessalines, ancien esclave, devenu chef des troupes insurgées après la capture de. Le 29 Mars , nous, le peuple Haïtien, avons voté la constitution haïtienne pour doter le pays d’une démocratie basée sur la diversité politique, la justice.

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L’ensemble de ces trois 3 pouvoirs constitue le fondement essentiel de l’organisation de l’Etat qui est civil. The House of Deputies is completely replaced every four 4 years. It may made only in the course of the last Regular Session of the Legislative period and shall be published immediately throughout the territory. Art 62 — A temporary accounting commission regulates and verifies the accounting of receipts and expenses of the colony.

Members of the Departmental Council are not necessarily drawn from the Assembly, but they must: Technical and financial management units shall be established to assist farmers at the level of each Communal section.

Constitution of Haiti – Wikipedia

Art 50 — The functions of the municipal administrations consist in the simple exercise of hautienne cities and towns, in the administration of funds, assuring the constitugion of manufactured goods and the additional impositions of the parishes. Orders or judgments are delivered and executed in the name of the Republic, They shall include writs of execution to officers of the Public Prosecutor’s Office and agents of the police and armed forces.

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The Senate elects the ten 10 members of the Court, who select the Court’s President and Vice President form among them. Their organization and haitjenne location must be planned from the perspective of regional development.


The universities and the private and public superior schools provide academic and practical instruction adapted to the trends and requirements of national development. A Senator of Republic is elected by universal suffrage by an absolute majority of votes in the Primary Assemblies hautienne in the geographic Departments, under the terms prescribed by the Electoral Law. To respect the laws; c. The President of the Republic presides over the Council of Ministers. The President of the Republic, who is the Head of State.

It constitutioj at the disposition of the Governor, who can only set it in motion for the maintenance of public order, the protection due to all citizens, and the defense of the colony.

The State must award benefits to military personnel of all ranks, fully guaranteeing their physical security. To respect the Constitution and the national emblem; b. The crime of high treason is punishable by forced labor for life without commutation of sentence.

Constitution of 1801

Primary schooling is compulsory under penalties to be prescribed by law. The Prime Minister, the Ministers and the Secretaries of State receive monthly salaries consritution by the Budgetary law. In no case may the President under the Government that approved the amendment benefit from any advantages deriving therefrom. Rights on the rental value of houses in cities and towns, of those that produce manufactured goods other than those of cultivation, and salt Revenue from ferries and post Fines, confiscations, wrecks Rights from the saving of shipwrecked ships Revenue from colonial domains.

The Armed Forces of Haiti, and b.

All Haitians are united by a common language: In the event the Legislature is convened in special session, it may not decide on any matter other than that for which it was called. They may be deprived of their rank only by a final judgment by a court of competent jurisdiction.

Economic freedom shall be guaranteed so long as it is not contrary to the public interest. If, meanwhile, the high parties reach agreement, the terms of the agreement shall as a matter of course terminate the procedure under way. Yo rele tribinal sa a: The Department has legal personality and is autonomous. Before taking office, the members of the Permanent Electoral Council take the following oath before the Supreme Court; “I swear to respect the Constitution and the provisions of the Electoral Law and to discharge my duties with dignity, independence, impartiality and patriotism.


Members of the Legislature are inviolable form the day the take oath up to the expiration of their term, subject to the provisions of article below. The age of majority is eighteen 18 years. The Provisional Electoral Council charged with receiving the registration of candidates, shall see to the strict enforcement of this provision. The take office on the second Monday of January, and sit in two 2 annual meetings.

Art 64 — In order for an act ordering the arrest of a person to be executed it is necessary that it:. Be a native-born Haitian, and never have renounced Haitian nationality; 2. The Senate is permanently session. The right to strike is recognized under the limits set by law.

No place or part of the territory may be declared in a state of siege except in the event of civil war or invasion by a foreign force. Bills and other acts of the Legislature and the National Assembly shall enter into force with their promulgation and their publication in the Official Gazette Journal Officiel of the Republic. The Armed Forces are apolitical.